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The Vesey Republic
  Draft Program: April 2, 2022 - June 19, 2023


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 Commentaries
Executive Bodies and Functions
The prime minister has fusion power that are both functions in both the executive and the legislature.

The prime minister's first requisite is to "form a government" – to create a cabinet of ministers that has the support of the House of Commons, of which they are expected to be a member.

The prime minister appoints all other cabinet members (who then become Privy Counsellors) and ministers, although consulting senior ministers on their junior ministers, without any Parliamentary or other control or process over these powers. 

The prime minister decides the ranking order of all ministers.

At any time, the PM may obtain the appointment, dismissal or nominal resignation of any other minister.

The PM may resign, either purely personally or with the whole government.

The prime minister is leader of their political party.

The prime minister can sideline and simply drop from Cabinet the Members who have fallen out of favor: they remain Privy Counsellors, but the prime minister decides which of them are summoned to meetings.

The Prime Minister who appoints, accepts the resignations of and dismisses ministers.

The prime minister generally co-ordinates the policies and activities of the Cabinet and Government departments, acting as the main public "face" of Her Majesty's Government.

The prime minister can overrule the policy decisions of individual ministers.

The prime minister chairs the Cabinet, decides its membership, and when and where meetings take place.  Other important policy decisions are made by the Cabinet Committees. 

The prime minister is free to decide the Cabinet Committees' structure, membership, chairmanship, and terms of reference.  

A number of Cabinet Committees are chaired by the P.M.

The prime minister is the minister responsible for national security, and matters affecting SIS, MI5 and GCHQ collectively, though other ministers may authorize individual operations.

The PM chairs the National Security Council and appoints the National Security Adviser.

The prime minister has 'almost complete discretion over how to organize government departments'.

The PM is free to, at any time, create government departments, merge them, re-name them, transfer responsibilities between them, and abolish them

The prime minister of the day has held the office of Minister for the Civil Service since that office was created in 1968.  

As such the PM has the powers over Her Majesty's Civil Service held by that position. These powers may be delegated by the prime minister to others.

The decision to deploy the armed forces overseas rests with the prime minister or the Cabinet. Constitutional convention requires that, in the event of a commitment of the armed forces to military action, authorization is given by the prime minister, on behalf of the Crown Decisions on military action are taken within the Cabinet with advice.

The Defence Council has power of command over members of the armed forces

The prime minister is also responsible for authorizing the use of UK nuclear weapons.

The prime minister has significant power to change the law through passing primary legislation, as the Prime Minister is by definition able to command a majority in the House of Commons. Therefore, the PM can normally gain House of Commons support for their desired legislation

The prime minister can ask the speaker to recall Parliament while it is on recess, who then decide

The PM can control what is debated in the House of Commons, and when. Even with non-Government business, although the PM does not control the topics raised, the Government controls 'when the time allotted to the Opposition or backbench business is scheduled — meaning that they can simply choose to delay scheduling this time if they think something politically embarrassing might be debated. This means it is difficult for Parliament to debate matters, and extremely difficult for Parliament to pass legislation, against the Government's will.

The prime minister makes all the most senior appointments, and most others are made by ministers over whom the prime minister has the power of appointment and dismissal. Commissioners, senior civil servants, senior military officers, members of important committees and commissions, and other officials are selected, and in most cases may be removed, by the prime minister.

The power to appoint the Investigatory Powers Commissioner and other Judicial Commissioners, who oversee use of the IPA. The PM can require the Commissioner to make a report to him at any time, and the PM can exclude from publication any part of the Commissioner's reports if the PM decides it meets certain criteria.

The prime minister is leader of their political party.


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